Isotopic Carbon PDF/EPUB µ Paperback

  • Paperback
  • 392 pages
  • Isotopic Carbon
  • Melvin Calvin
  • English
  • 12 November 2019
  • 1406720704

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Isotopic Carbon Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork

About the Author: Melvin Calvin

Melvin Ellis Calvin April 8, 1911 January 8, 1997 was an American chemist most famed for discovering the Calvin cycle along with Andrew Benson and James Bassham, for which he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry He spent most of his five decade career at the University of California, Berkeley.Calvin was born in Minnesota, the son of Russian immigrants His father was born in Tsarist Lithuania and his mother in Tsarist Georgia As a small child Calvin s family moved to Detroit he graduated from Central High School in 1928 Melvin Calvin earned his Bachelor of Science from the Michigan College of Mining and Technology now known as Michigan Technological University in 1931 and his Ph.D in chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1935 He then spent the next four years doing postdoctoral work at the University of Manchester He married Genevieve Jemtegaard in 1942, and they had three children, two daughters and a son.Calvin joined the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley in 1937 and was promoted to Professor of Chemistry in 1947 Using the carbon 14 isotope as a tracer, Calvin, Andrew Benson and James Bassham mapped the complete route that carbon travels through a plant during photosynthesis, starting from its absorption as atmospheric carbon dioxide to its conversion into carbohydrates and other organic compounds In doing so, Calvin, Benson and Bassham showed that sunlight acts on the chlorophyll in a plant to fuel the manufacturing of organic compounds, rather than on carbon dioxide as was previously believed Calvin was the sole recipient of the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for what is sometimes known as the Calvin Benson Bassham Cycle Calvin wrote an autobiography three decades later titled Following the Trail of Light A Scientific Odyssey During the 1950s he was among the first members of the Society for General Systems Research In 1963 he was given the additional title of Professor of Molecular Biology He was founder and Director of the Laboratory of Chemical Biodynamics and simultaneously Associate Director of Berkeley Radiation Laboratory, where he conducted much of his research until his retirement in 1980 In his final years of active research, he studied the use of oil producing plants as renewable sources of energy He also spent many years testing the chemical evolution of life and wrote a book on the subject that was published in 1969Calvin was featured on the 2011 volume of the American Scientists collection of US postage stamps, along with Asa Gray, Maria Goeppert Mayer, and Severo Ochoa This was the third volume in the series, the first two having been released in 2005 and 2008.