Der Abentheuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch PDF â Der


Der Abentheuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch Dal 1669 a oggi L'avventuroso Simplicissimus è stato oggetto oltre che di letture appassionate di innumerevoli studi filosofici e letterari Vi si narrano le bizzarre peripezie di Simplicius sorta di teutonico picaro in balia di un destino maligno nell'Europa feroce della guerra dei Trent'anni Ben lontana dalla tradizionale immagine del libro popolare scritto da un ingenuo poeta contadino la moderna analisi critica ci restituisce la figura di un Grimmelshausen colto acuto osservatore della società sulla uale esercita la sua formidabile arma satirica uadri allegorici visioni e utopie si intrecciano a facezie superstizioni contemptus mundi in un affresco grottesco di straordinario vigore e attualità che fa del Simplicissimus un'opera capitale del Barocco tedesco The late JB Pick recommended this interesting picaresue to me on 12 June 2011 prior to his sad passing in January 2015 Pick's 'The Last Valley' is one of my favourite historical novels even though it has long been out of print Few people have heard of it and a handful probably know that it was made into a decent movie directed by the Sydney born James Clavell also the author of Shogun King Rat etc and starred Michael Caine and Omar Sharif with a soundtrack written by John Barry Although Pick's book is also about the 30 years' war he stumbled across Simplicissimus after 'The Last Valley' was published Simplicissimus is considered to be the first adventure novel in the German language and the first German novel masterpiece Set during the tragic conflict that wrecked Germany between 1618 1648 it contains a lot of inhumanity and brutality that is candidly recounted in the first person by its protagonist Simplicius Although Simplicius is regarded as a simpleton by his parents and subseuent guardians his observations are often unexpectedly perceptive and at times downright hilarious Anyone expecting long winded prose will also be surprised to find that the humour in this novel is often unexpectedly crude and side splittingly funny Mike Mitchell's translation of this novel was shortlisted for The Weidenfeld Translation Prize in 1999 and I personally think that he did a great job of sprucing up the narrative and dialogue for a modern readership Simplicius' life takes many twists and turns in what is after all a highly dystopic Germany and he finds himself playing many roles along the way which include a jester war hero and even a woman Although the pace is brisk the story goes on forever and anyone wishing for a uick and enjoyable page turner will be disappointed The novel also lacks any real goal being simply a large number of life experiences recounted by Simplicius so that the reading of it can at times get uite tiring That said it contains many insights into the early modern way of life both in Germany and beyond making it a good read for research purposes This 17th century picaresue novel is the first person account of the adventures of Simplicius a young man growing up amid the violent disruptions of the Thirty Years War He begins as a country bumpkin but in the course of his journey takes up many professions roles and disguises apprentice hermit stable boy court fool common soldier on both sides of the conflict guerrilla commander freebooter sneak thief lover husband masuer adulterer female prostitute merchant world traveler wealthy noble andback to hermit againThe author doesn't seem to be much concerned with character development Although our hero tells us at the end of the narrative that he has become disillusioned with the world we would have never inferred this from his actions or his tone for he seems much the same as before his disillusionment little than another mask The novel however makes up for its lack of character development through its precise inventive narrative crowded with incident and teeming with lifePerhaps the most impressive thing about this book is the way it can move abruptly from homespun humor to bloody battle raid from fart jokes of which there are many to the torture of civilians from rogues' tales of trickery to a mock scholastic lecture and then on to a genuine encounter with the occult Some of this is just part of the picaresue design or lack of it but it also seems to me that the author wishes to communicate something about the arbitrary violence of war that it not only encourages randomness but also deprives the person who is immersed in it of the ability to be either surprised or shocked This book is uneven and I never wished it longer Many scenes however the war atrocities the school for professional fools the witches sabbath and Simplicius' encounter with the mermen who live beneath a local lake were vivid memorable and amusingIf someone asked me where they could learn what it was like in war torn Germany during 17th century I would without hesitation send them to this book And I don't even like fart jokes Sometimes described as the first great German novel Simplicissimus is a big flatulent romping picaresue that careens its way across the patchwork of German states at the height of the Thirty Years War In its mixture of realist war commentary knockabout scatology and magic realist flights of fancy it comes across as something like Rabelais meets Goya's Disasters of WarOur eponymous hero – nicknamed for his naïveté – is born in the Spessart and grows up in a little farming hamlet which is unfortunate enough to be in the path of some marauding soldiers who promptly kill the men in a variety of inventive ways before raping the women Simplicissimus as a child is spared long enough to escape to live wild in the forest The harsh naturalism of these early scenes and others like them throughout the book is still genuinely shocking and has a documentary interest; much of it is thought to be autobiographical From there our ingenuous hero travels up to Westphalia and down to the Breisgau with excursions to France Switzerland and the centre of the earth fighting at various times on both sides of the conflictLike many picaresue novels Simplicissimus presents the world as a place of endless opportunity novelty and adventure; and yet the wartime realities give it a grounding in real life and a conseuent seriousness that I find somewhat missing in say its famous contemporary Don uixote Though occasionally moralistic it's never boring if only because the genre shifts almost as often as the setting – from satire to fantasy to religious allegory to shaggy dog story One minute he's expatiating on the importance of Christian virtues the next he's devoting a whole chapter to how he farted at an inopportune momentAt times too it is fascinatingly subversive Despite all the fighting the only real description of wartime combat we get is a parodic one when Simplicissimus goes off alone into the woods to kill the lice infesting his bodyI took off the cuirass even though others put one on before going into battle and started such a massacre that soon my two swords – my thumb nails – were dripping with blood and covered in dead bodies Those I could not kill I sent into exile wandering under the treeAnd his status as eternal innocent allows him to ask the religious uestions that no one else can; when a Reformed minister demands that he recognise the truth of his denomination Simplicissimus objects immediately‘But pastor’ I answered ‘that is what all the other churches say of their faith as well Which one should I believe? Which one should I join when each is screaming that the others are the work of the devil?’The translation from Mike Mitchell is just fantastic employing a complex often specialist vocabulary which reads completely fluently while also giving plenty of seventeenth century flavour Unfortunately there are some editing mistakes – ‘gaol’ has been replaced by ‘goal’ in every instance apparently by some overzealous spellchecker and similarly we read than once of someone getting their ‘just desserts’ which rather puts me in mind of people being punished with bowls of Angel Delight In any case this strange and exuberant novel is of much than historical interest – full of life and learning and delights that have been snatched from a capricious world A world closer to us than we sometimes remember A lad is given a set of bagpipes and the way he plays them would kill a wolf if it had musical taste and is sent out to mind the sheep In hindsight the narrator thinks wasn't this the best upbringing parents could give a child seeing as King David also started out in life as a shepherd?So begin the adventures of Simplicissimus an early novel written in the seventeenth century set during the thirty years war which soon sweeps up the narrator and carries him into the conflict Catholic or Protestant seem to be much the same occasionally organised banditry rather than grand strategy or big battles is what we see as Simplicissimus grows upIt has a certain type of humour as in the men who realise that their hangovers prove how far the German nation has degenerated since clearly their grandsires could drink all night and have a clear head the next morning but also a certain degree of darkness as when the same men realise it might be fun to trick the young Simplicissimus that he has died and been reborn as a cow by getting the boy blind drunk and then stitching him up inside the skin of a calfAs a boy calf playing the part of a Fool the narrator becomes a truth teller A figure on the margin who can point out the absurdities of life to those who have power and authority though he does go on to escape and take a active part in the ongoing warI read a different older translation to the one here on Goodreads Grimmelshausen wasn't immune to the lure of writing seuels and the version I found had abbreviated versions of some of the continuations of the story including Simplicissimus' as far I remember not very good adventures in Russia It's the earliest part of the story which is the strongest and most interesting

  • Paperback
  • 575 pages
  • Der Abentheuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch
  • Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
  • Italian
  • 03 February 2016
  • 9788804360377

About the Author: Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen

Grimmelshausen was born at Gelnhausen At the age of ten he was kidnapped by Hessian soldiery and in their midst tasted the adventures of military life in the Thirty Years' War At its close Grimmelshausen entered the service of Franz Egon von Fürstenberg bishop in Straßburg and in 1665 was made Schultheiss magistrate at Renchen in BadenOn obtaining this appointment he devoted himself to li


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